Thymidylate synthase (TS) is a target of critical importance to the survival of human colon cancer cells since, upon inhibition, cells subsequently undergo thymineless death induced by dTTP deficiency. Using genetically marked mutants deficient in TS (TS~) and a derived population (Thy4) that is resistant to commitment to thymineless death, resistance was conferred by the ability of cells to arrest at a point either in late G1 or at the onset of S induced by d Thd deprivation. Thus, Thy4 cells initially synchronized in G0 by leucine deprivation and released in the absence of d Thd remained viable at 5 days, demonstrated delayed onset of nucleosomal ladder formation, and retained clonogenic potential (cytostatic response). In contrast, TS~ and asynchronous Thy4 cells lost 50% clonogenic potential in 65 h and >90% in 5 days (cytotoxic response). [3H]DNA precursor studies indicated failure of synchronized Thy4 but not TS~ cells to progress through S, with arrest of Thy4 close to the G1/S boundary. Cell cycle control processes including: (a) the locus of dThd deprivation in G1; and (b) a potential checkpoint close to the G1/S border, may dictate whether consequences of dThd or dTTP restriction become cytostatic or cytotoxic.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Sep 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research