CD40 expression by gingival fibroblasts: Correlation of phenotype with function

Anna I. Dongari-Bagtzoglou, Wendy D. Warren, Michael T. Berton, Jeffrey L. Ebersole

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


CD40, a member of the tumor necrosis factor-α receptor family, is constitutively expressed by cells of hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic origin, including fibroblasts. Signaling through this receptor molecule regulates inflammatory cytokine secretion by many cell types. Based on the recently described cytokine secretory heterogeneity of fibroblast cell subsets, we hypothesized that secretion of inflammatory cytokines by gingival fibroblast cultures may be dictated by the existence of differential proportions of cytokine-secreting subpopulations which express high levels of CD40. After examining a large number of gingival fibroblast (GF) cultures we find that the frequency of IL-6- and IL-8-secreting cells mirrors the frequency of cells expressing high levels of CD40 in these cultures. In addition, we demonstrate a direct functional relationship between CD40 expression and IL-6 or IL-8 secretion by showing that ligation of this molecule on GF, and CD40+ fibroblast subsets in particular, up-regulates secretion of these cytokines in vitro.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1233-1241
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Immunology
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1997


  • CD40
  • Cytokines
  • Gingival fibroblast
  • Heterogeneity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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