Cardiovascular complications of cocaine: Imaging findings

Carlos S. Restrepo, Carlos A. Rojas, Santiago Martinez, Roy Riascos, Alejandro Marmol-Velez, Jorge Carrillo, Daniel Vargas

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Cocaine is the second most commonly abused illicit drug in the US and the most common one involved in emergency department visits, the majority of which are related to the cardiovascular system. Cardiovascular complications related with cocaine abuse include myocardial ischemia and infarction, myocarditis, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy, aortic dissection, thrombosis, stroke and cerebral hemorrhage, and different forms of visceral ischemia, among others. In an era where cocaine use has reached epidemic proportions, it is necessary for the radiologist to understand the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and imaging characteristics of its cardiovascular complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-19
Number of pages9
JournalEmergency Radiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009


  • Aortic dissection
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Cardiovascular system
  • Cocaine
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Myocarditis
  • Renal infarction
  • Stroke
  • Visceral ischemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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