Cardiovascular calcification in Hispanic Americans (HA) with chronic kidney disease (CKD) due to type 2 diabetes

Wajeh Y Qunibi, Fadi Abouzahr, Mohammad R. Mizani, Charles R. Nolan, Rector Arya, Kelly J. Hunt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Cardiovascular calcification (CVC) is common and severe in patients with end-stage renal disease on dialysis. However, the prevalence and severity of CVC is less well documented in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) not yet on dialysis. Methods. Fifty-eight nondialyzed HA with type 2 diabetes and CKD were enrolled. They comprise 29 patients with stages 1 and 2 CKD (early CKD group) and 26 patients with stages 4 and 5 CKD (advanced CKD group). Coronary artery calcification (CAC) was measured by ultrafast spiral computed tomography, while peripheral artery calcification (PAC) was evaluated by plain x-ray of the chest, pelvis, thighs, and lower extremities. Results. The prevalence of CAC and PAC were significantly higher in the advanced CKD group compared to the early CKD group (73% vs. 38%; P < 0.01 and 85% vs. 35%; P < 0.0001, respectively). The median CAC scores were 18-fold greater in the advanced CKD group (138.9 vs. 7.8, respectively). By linear regression analysis, a strong association was found between the level of renal function and ln total volume of CAC. Conclusion. Our data indicate that CAC and PAC are common and severe in HA diabetic patients with CKD not previously treated with dialysis, calcium-based phosphate binders, or vitamin D analogues. Lower level of renal function is associated with increased burden of vascular calcification in predialysis patients with CKD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-277
Number of pages7
JournalKidney International
Volume68
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2005

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Chronic Renal Insufficiency
Hispanic Americans
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Coronary Vessels
Dialysis
Arteries
Vascular Calcification
Kidney
Spiral Computed Tomography
Thigh
Pelvis
Vitamin D
Chronic Kidney Failure
Lower Extremity
Linear Models
Thorax
Regression Analysis
X-Rays

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Coronary artery calcification
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hispanic Americans
  • Peripheral artery calcification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

Cite this

Cardiovascular calcification in Hispanic Americans (HA) with chronic kidney disease (CKD) due to type 2 diabetes. / Qunibi, Wajeh Y; Abouzahr, Fadi; Mizani, Mohammad R.; Nolan, Charles R.; Arya, Rector; Hunt, Kelly J.

In: Kidney International, Vol. 68, No. 1, 07.2005, p. 271-277.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Qunibi, Wajeh Y ; Abouzahr, Fadi ; Mizani, Mohammad R. ; Nolan, Charles R. ; Arya, Rector ; Hunt, Kelly J. / Cardiovascular calcification in Hispanic Americans (HA) with chronic kidney disease (CKD) due to type 2 diabetes. In: Kidney International. 2005 ; Vol. 68, No. 1. pp. 271-277.
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