Cardiovascular adaptations of pregnancy are generally well tolerated in the healthy gravida; however, these changes can place undue stress on women with underlying cardiovascular disease and can result in increased risk for morbidity and mortality. In this article, we will review issues related to preconceptional counseling, cardiovascular adaptations of pregnancy, and the prognosis and management of the gravida with cardiac disease in pregnancy.
- Cardiac disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynecology