The effects of different doses of chronically administered carbaryl on rat pineal N-acetyltransferase (NAT) activity, hydroxyindole-O-methyltransferase (HIOMT) activity and pineal and serum melatonin levels during darkness (2300 h and 0100 h) when pineal melatonin synthesis is high were studied. Additionally, pineal levels of 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP), serotonin (5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid (5-HIAA) were estimated. Carbaryl was administered at total doses (over 6 days) of either 50, 125 or 250 mg/kg by gastric gavage. Control rats received vehicle (corn oil) only. During the study, the rats were exposed to light/dark cycles of 14:10 with lights off at 2100 h. Pineal NAT and HIOMT activities and pineal melatonin were increased at 0100 h following carbaryl administration at all three doses. Conversely, serum melatonin was increased at 2300 h after the 250 mg/kg dose of carbaryl while all three doses of the pesticide reduced serum melatonin levels at 0100 h. Pineal 5-HTP, 5-HT and 5-HIAA levels were usually increased at 2300 h but unaffected at 0100 h. The results indicate that carbaryl has significant effects on pineal melatonin synthesis and secretion.
- Hydroxyindole-O-methyltransferase activity
- N-acetyltransferase activity
- Pineal gland
ASJC Scopus subject areas