Can risk-taking be an endophenotype for bipolar disorder? A study on patients with bipolar disorder type I and their first-degree relatives

Ceren Hidiroǧlu, Özlem Demirci Esen, Zeliha Tunca, Şehnaz Neslihan Gårz Yalçìn, Lauren Lombardo, David C. Glahn, Ayşegül Özerdem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abstract Risk-taking behavior and impulsivity are core features of bipolar disorder. Whether they are part of the inherited aspect of the illness is not clear. We aimed to evaluate risk-taking behavior as a potential endophenotype for bipolar disorders, and its relationship with impulsivity and illness features. The Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART) and Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11 (BIS-11) were used to assess risk-taking behavior and impulsivity respectively in 30 euthymic bipolar I patients (BD), their 25 asymptomatic first-degree relatives (BD-R), and 30 healthy controls (HC). The primary BART outcome measure was the behavioral adjustment score (number of pumps after trials where the balloon did not pop minus the number of pumps after trials where the balloon popped). BD (p <.001) and BD-R (p =.001) had similar and significantly lower adjustment scores than HC. Only BD scored significantly higher on BIS-11 total (p =.01) and motor (p =.04) subscales than HC. Neither the BART, nor impulsivity scores associated with illness features. A limitation of this study is medicated patients and a heterogeneous BD-R were included. Riskiness may be a candidate endophenotype for bipolar disorder as it appears independently from illness features, presents similarly in BD and BD-R groups and differs from impulsivity. (JINS, 2013, 19, 1-9)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)474-482
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the International Neuropsychological Society
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bipolar disorder
  • Endophenotype
  • First-degree relative
  • Impulsive behavior
  • Risk-taking
  • The Balloon Analogue Risk Task

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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