Calreticulin functions as a molecular chaperone in the biosynthesis of myeloperoxidase

W. M. Nauseef, S. J. McCormick, R. A. Clark

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235 Scopus citations


Myeloperoxidase (MPO), a lysosomal heme protein found exclusively in neutrophils and monocytes, is necessary for efficient oxygen-dependent microbicidal activity. Acquisition of heme by the heme-free MPO precursor apopro-MPO appears to be a prerequisite for its subsequent proteolytic processing and advancement along the biosynthetic pathway to mature MPO. We present data indicating that calreticulin (CRT), a high capacity calcium- binding protein residing in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum of a wide variety of cells, interacts specifically with fully glycosylated apopro-MPO. Biosynthetically radiolabeled CRT (60 kDa) and apopro-MPO (90 kDa) were coprecipitated from PLB 985 cells by monospecific antiserum against CRT when the immunoprecipitations were performed either under nondenaturing conditions or following reversible cross-linking. Nonglycosylated MPO precursors synthesized in the presence of tunicamycin did not interact with CRT. The CRT-apopro-MPO interaction was restricted to an early phase of MPO biosynthesis, and CRT did not interact with the later appearing, heme- containing species of MPO, i.e. pro-MPO or the heavy subunit of mature MPO. These data show that CRT participates in the post-translational processing of MPO, perhaps by maintaining apopro-MPO in a conformation competent to accommodate insertion of the heme group. In this general way, CRT shares certain functional properties with the structurally homologous transmembrane calcium-binding endoplasmic reticulum protein calnexin. Both interact with glycosylated biosynthetic precursors of proteins selectively expressed in specialized cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4741-4747
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number9
StatePublished - Mar 3 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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