Calreticulin is a soluble endoplasmic reticulum protein comprising the major storage reservoir for inositol trisphosphate-releasable calcium. Although its highly conserved primary structure and a wide range of functions have been well described, less attention has been paid to its biosynthesis, particularly in human tissues. We report analyses of synthesis, proteolytic processing and glycosylation of human calreticulin. In both HL-60 and PLB- 985 myeloid cell lines calreticulin was immunoprecipitated as a single 60-kD species without evidence of precursor forms. However, in vitro cell-free synthesis produced a 62-kD primary translation product, which in the presence of microsomal membranes, was processed by cotranslational signal peptide cleavage to a 60-kD species that comigrated with mature calreticulin produced in myeloid cells. Neither tunicamycin treatment of the cells nor endoglycosidase digestion of calreticulin resulted in any forms other than the 60-kD protein on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis, suggesting that the potential site for N- glycosylation at asparagine-327 was unmodified. However, oxidative derivatization of carbohydrate components with digoxigenin showed that human calreticulin produced in either HL-60 cells or Sf9 insect cells is glycosylated, indicating that glycosylated and nonglycosylated human calreticulin have indistinguishable electrophoretic mobilities. Direct measurement by phenoI-H2SO4 confirmed the presence of carbohydrate on recombinant human calreticulin. These data show that human myeloid calreticulin undergoes cotranslational signal peptide cleavage and posttranslational N-linked glycosylation. Although glycosylation of calreticulin has been shown in rat liver end bovine liver and brain, it has been reported to be lacking in other tissues including human lymphocytes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Jul 1 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology