Calpain inhibitors block long-term potentiation

John B. Denny, Jodie Polan-Curtain, Avtar Ghuman, Matthew J. Wayner, Deborah L. Armstrong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

100 Scopus citations

Abstract

Long-term potentiation (LTP) is a form of synaptic plasticity that serves as a model for certain types of learning and memory. The role of the calcium-activated thiol proteases or calpains in the biochemical mechanism of LTP has been explored. We show that the extracellular application of two newly developed, highly potent calpain inhibitors, N-acetyl-Leu-Leu-norleucinal and N-acetyl-Leu-Leu-methioninal, block LTP in both the Schaffer collateral-CA1 synaptic zone of the rat hippocampal slice and in perforant path-stimulated dentate granule cells in the intact hippocampus. The inhibitors do not affect baseline synaptic transmission and block LTP in the slice preparation if applied before but not after tetanic stimulation. The calpain inhibitor leupeptin is less potent than the above peptides but also blocks LTP if applied at a sufficient concentration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)317-320
Number of pages4
JournalBrain Research
Volume534
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 26 1990

Keywords

  • Calcium-activated protease
  • Hippocampus
  • N-Acetyl-Leu-Leu-methioninal
  • N-Acetyl-Leu-Leu-norleucinal
  • Synaptic plasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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