Calorie restriction decreases platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-A and thrombin receptor mRNA expression in autoimmune murine lupus nephritis

D. A. Troyer, B. Chandrasekar, J. L. Barnes, G. Fernandes

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26 Scopus citations


Calorie restriction (CR) and supplementation with fish oil (FO) are known to increase the life span and diminish histological evidence of glomerulonephritis in lupus prone (NZB x NZW)F1 (B/W) mice. Cellular proliferation is an important pathological element in the development of lupus nephritis, and we have examined the expression of thrombin receptor (TR) and the mitogenic agents PDGF-A and -B. Weanling B/W mice were fed either ad libitum or a calorie restricted (CR; 40% less calories than ad libitum) diet supplemented with either 5% (w/w) corn oil (CO) or FO. CR animals consumed 2.7-3.0 g of wet food per day versus 4.5-5.0 g for the ad libitum animals. Renal RNA was extracted from young (3.5-4.0 months of age) and old (8-10 months of age) mice. Densitometric analysis (reference gene GAPDH) of blots from Northern (PDGF-A and -B) and ribonuclease protection assays (TR) produced the following data: (i) in young mice no signal was detected for PDGF-A, -B and TR in all four groups, while the signals were readily detectable in old mice; (ii) in old mice low and similar levels of PDGF-B were detected, and neither CR nor the source of lipid altered its expression; (iii) CR significantly inhibited PDGF-A and TR expression in both CO (ad libitum versus CR; PDGF-A, 3.25-fold, P < 0.025; TR, 3.7-fold, P < 0.01) and FO (ad libitum versus CR; PDGF-A, 4.56-fold, P < 0.01; TR, 3.6-fold, P < 0.025) groups; (iv) although FO (versus CO) produced a trend towards decreased expression, results were not statistically significant. We conclude that suppression of renal disease in lupus-prone mice by CR is accompanied by decreased expression of PDGF-A and the thrombin receptor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)58-62
Number of pages5
JournalClinical and Experimental Immunology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997



  • Calorie restriction
  • Lupus nephritis
  • Platelet-derived growth factor
  • Thrombin receptor
  • ω-3 lipids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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