Calorie restriction decreases platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-A and thrombin receptor mRNA expression in autoimmune murine lupus nephritis

D. A. Troyer, B. Chandrasekar, J. L. Barnes, G. Fernandes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Calorie restriction (CR) and supplementation with fish oil (FO) are known to increase the life span and diminish histological evidence of glomerulonephritis in lupus prone (NZB x NZW)F1 (B/W) mice. Cellular proliferation is an important pathological element in the development of lupus nephritis, and we have examined the expression of thrombin receptor (TR) and the mitogenic agents PDGF-A and -B. Weanling B/W mice were fed either ad libitum or a calorie restricted (CR; 40% less calories than ad libitum) diet supplemented with either 5% (w/w) corn oil (CO) or FO. CR animals consumed 2.7-3.0 g of wet food per day versus 4.5-5.0 g for the ad libitum animals. Renal RNA was extracted from young (3.5-4.0 months of age) and old (8-10 months of age) mice. Densitometric analysis (reference gene GAPDH) of blots from Northern (PDGF-A and -B) and ribonuclease protection assays (TR) produced the following data: (i) in young mice no signal was detected for PDGF-A, -B and TR in all four groups, while the signals were readily detectable in old mice; (ii) in old mice low and similar levels of PDGF-B were detected, and neither CR nor the source of lipid altered its expression; (iii) CR significantly inhibited PDGF-A and TR expression in both CO (ad libitum versus CR; PDGF-A, 3.25-fold, P < 0.025; TR, 3.7-fold, P < 0.01) and FO (ad libitum versus CR; PDGF-A, 4.56-fold, P < 0.01; TR, 3.6-fold, P < 0.025) groups; (iv) although FO (versus CO) produced a trend towards decreased expression, results were not statistically significant. We conclude that suppression of renal disease in lupus-prone mice by CR is accompanied by decreased expression of PDGF-A and the thrombin receptor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)58-62
Number of pages5
JournalClinical and Experimental Immunology
Volume108
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

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Keywords

  • Calorie restriction
  • Lupus nephritis
  • Platelet-derived growth factor
  • Thrombin receptor
  • ω-3 lipids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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