Over the past years, research efforts have been focused on the pathophysiologic role of calcium ions, and the implication for the potential role of calcium channel blockers in the management of essential hypertension. Numerous studies have shown that nifedipine and verapamil are effective antihypertensive agents, initial experience with diltiazem is also encouraging. The magnitude of blood pressure reduction with these drugs is related to the pre-treatment blood pressure. In refractory hypertension, combination with other antihypertensive agents provide additive effect. In the elderly population and in patients with ischemic heart disease, supraventricular arrhythmia, bronchospastic disease, peripheral vascular disease or diabetes mellitus, the calcium channel blockers offer potential advantages over other antihypertensive agents. Experimental studies also suggest that these drugs may reverse ventricular hypertrophy. When long-term safety with these drugs is documented from well-controlled clinical trials, the calcium channel blockers may be our first line of therapy for the management of hypertension.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
- Pharmacology (medical)