Cl- channels fused from basolateral mTAL membranes into planar bilayers have distinctive functional characteristics which, when taken together, are unique among Cl- channels. The properties of these 50 to 60 pS channels can account for the characteristics of basolateral Cl- conductances in microperfused mTAL segments and thus may mediate net basolateral Cl- absorption in the intact mTAL. In the present studies, we solubilized basolateral membranes from rabbit mTAL. Since basolateral mTAL Cl- channels contain arginine- and lysine-rich domains, we exposed these solubilized membranes to sequential cation- and anion-exchange chromatography. The bound and unbound eluates from cation- and anion-exchange chromatography were reconstituted into proteoliposomes which, when fused into bilayers, yielded Cl- channels whose properties were virtually identical to those described above for native basolateral mTAL channels fused into bilayers. As judged by valinomycin-sensitive conductive 36Cl- uptake, proteoliposomes reconstituted from the unbound eluates after anion-exchange chromatography were enriched at least 30-fold in Cl- channel activity and had about 30% of the total Cl- channel activity solubilized in native vesicles.
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