C-src tyrosine kinase activity is associated with tumor colonization in bone and lung in an animal model of human breast cancer metastasis

Akira Myoui, Riko Nishimura, Paul J. Williams, Toru Hiraga, Daisuke Tamura, Toshimi Michigami, Gregory R. Mundy, Toshiyuki Yoneda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

155 Scopus citations

Abstract

The proto-oncogene, c-src, has been implicated in the tumorigenesis in breast cancer. However, the relationship of c-src with distant metastasis is unclear. Moreover, the role of c-src in organ-preferential metastasis of breast cancer is unknown. Because breast cancer has a strong predilection for metastasizing to bone, we examined the role of c-src in bone metastases using an animal model in which inoculation of the MDA-231 human breast cancer cells into the left cardiac ventricle preferentially developed osteolytic bone metastases in female nude mice. A clone of the MDA-231 with the increased capacity of bone metastasis exhibited elevated c-src tyrosine kinase (TK) activity compared with parental cells. MDAsrc527 cells caused significantly increased size of the osteolytic bone metastases with increased number of osteoclasts and mitotic cancer cells compared with MDA-231EV or MDAsrcWT. In contrast, MDAsrc295 cells caused impaired metastases to bone. Of note, mice inoculated with MDAsrc295 cells via tail vein developed reduced lung metastases and prolonged survival compared with mice with MDA-231EV cells, suggesting that c-src TK is unlikely to play a specific role in bone metastases. The growth in vitro and in vivo and production of parathyroid hormone-related protein, a key cytokine in the pathogenesis of osteolytic bone metastases in breast cancer, were promoted in MDAsrc527 and diminished in MDAsrc295. These results suggest that c-src TK is associated with the capacity of breast cancer to metastasize to bone through regulating cell growth and parathyroid hormone-related protein production. Our results together with the fact that c-src is an essential molecule for bone resorption by osteoclasts, which are central players in osteolytic bone metastases, support the notion that c-src TK is a potential target molecule for designing novel therapeutic interventions, especially for bone metastases in breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5028-5033
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Research
Volume63
Issue number16
StatePublished - Aug 15 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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