c-Src couples PI 3 kinase/Akt and MAPK signaling to PDGF-induced DNA synthesis in mesangial cells

Goutam Ghosh Choudhury, Lenin Mahimainathan, Falguni Das, Balachandar Venkatesan, Nandini Ghosh-Choudhury

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF) and PDGF receptor-β (PDGFR) play critical roles in mesangial cell proliferation during embryonic development and in mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis. We have shown previously that phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3 kinase/Akt and Erk1/2 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) contribute to PDGF-dependent proliferation of mesangial cells, but the mechanism by which these two enzyme cascades are activated by PDGFR signaling is not precisely known. We examined the role of c-Src tyrosine kinase in this process. PDGF increased phosphorylation of c-Src in a time-dependent manner indicating its activation. A pharmacologic inhibitor of c-Src, PP1, blocked PDGF-induced DNA synthesis with concomitant inhibition of c-Src phosphorylation. Immunecomplex kinase assays of c-Src and PDGFR demonstrated inhibition of c-Src tyrosine kinase activity by PP1, without an effect on PDGFR tyrosine phosphorylation. Both PP1 and expression of dominant negative c-Src inhibited PDGF-induced PI 3 kinase, resulting in attenuation of Akt kinase activity. Expression of constitutively active c-Src increased Akt activity to the same extent as with PDGF. Constitutively active c-Src augmented PDGF-induced Akt activity, thus contributing to Akt signaling. Inhibition of c-Src tyrosine kinase blocked PDGF-stimulated MAPK activity and resulted in attenuation of c-fos gene transcription with concomitant prevention of Elk-1 transactivation. Furthermore, inhibition of c-Src increased p27Kip1 cyclin kinase inhibitor, and attenuated PDGF-induced pRb phosphorylation and CDK2 activity. These data provide the first evidence in mesangial cells that PDGF-activated c-Src tyrosine kinase relays signals to PI 3 kinase/Akt and MAPK. Furthermore our results demonstrate that c-Src integrates signals into the nucleus to activate CDK2, which is required for DNA synthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1854-1864
Number of pages11
JournalCellular Signalling
Volume18
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2006

Keywords

  • CDK2
  • DNA synthesis
  • PDGF
  • c-fos
  • pRb

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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