Bronchoscopic and serologic diagnosis of Aspergillus fumigatus pulmonary infection in a bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)

Thomas H. Reidarson, James H. Harrell, Michael G. Rinaldi, Jim McBain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

A 4-yr-old male bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) developed an Aspergillus fumigatus pneumonia. Fungal elements were identified by cytology and microbiology from endoscopic bronchoalveolar lavage and brushings of a raised yellow endobronchial lesion. The results of qualitative immunodiffusion serology, a technique that identifies specific circulating antibodies to Aspergillus fumigatus, were suggestive of an active infection. The dolphin was treated with itraconazole for over 2 yr, which resulted in remission of clinical signs. Pneumonia caused by Aspergillus sp. accounts for the large majority of pulmonary mycoses in marine mammals. Bronchoscopy facilitated an early definitive diagnosis, accurate treatment, and remission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)451-455
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine
Volume29
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aspergillus fumigatus
  • Bronchoalveolar lavage
  • Bronchoscopy
  • Immunodiffusion serology
  • Itraconazole
  • Tursiops truncatus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

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