Brain stimulation & the treatment of refractory psychiatric disorders.

Charles F. Zorumski, Gabriel de Erausquin, Mehmet Dokucu, Dragan Svrakic, Keith Garcia, Michael Jarvis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Many patients with psychiatric disorders are refractory to current treatments, prompting a search for novel therapies. Based on the efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy, there is interest in developing other brain stimulation methods in psychiatry. Alternatives include vagal nerve stimulation, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and deep brain stimulation. This paper reviews these methods, highlighting strategies currently being used and developed at Washington University and Barnes-Jewish Hospital in St. Louis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-61
Number of pages5
JournalMissouri medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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