Bony orbital distances among the Filipino population

Constance M. Barone, David F. Jimenez, Antoinette Laskey, Briccio G. Alcantara, Stephen R. Braddock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Six hundred and seventy seven radiographs were selected from the logs of films taken in a major hospital in Metro Manila, Philippines over the course of the previous year. Two hundred and eighty-eight female and 389 male, healthy Filipinos between the ages of birth and twenty years were selected based on the availability of a modified Waters' projection and lateral skull film taken at the same time. Measurements for the lateral orbital wall were made at the site of the suture on the medial surface of the zygomatic bone. The medial orbital wall measurement was the distance between the dacrya using a correction factor formula of CF = D-d/D where D is the target film distance and d is the object film distance.1 The actual bony measurements were calculated. The data was gathered and plotted according to sex and in age in years. Graphs were generated using SAS over a graph software. Lines were smooth using cubic spline technique developed by Reinsch with the smoothest value of 75.2 The mean plus two, four, and six standard deviations were included in each of the curves.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)258-261
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002


  • Cephalometric measurement
  • Hypertelorism
  • Interdacryon distance
  • Lateral bony orbital distance
  • Medial orbital distance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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