We report studies of bone tissue engineering using human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), a protein substrate (film or scaffold; fast degrading unmodified collagen, or slowly degrading cross-linked collagen and silk), and a bioreactor (static culture, spinner flask, or perfused cartridge). MSCs were isolated from human bone marrow, characterized for the expression of cell surface markers and the ability to undergo chondrogenesis and osteogenesis in vitro, and cultured for 5 weeks. MSCs were positive for CD105/endoglin, and had a potential for chondrogenic and osteogenic differentiation. In static culture, calcium deposition was similar for MSC grown on collagen scaffolds and films. Under medium flow, MSC on collagen scaffolds deposited more calcium and had a higher alcaline phosphatase (AP) activity than MSC on collagen films. The amounts of DNA were markedly higher in constructs based on slowly degrading (modified collagen and silk) scaffolds than on fast degrading (unmodified collagen) scaffolds. In spinner flasks, medium flow around constructs resulted in the formation of bone rods within the peripheral region, that were interconnected and perpendicular to the construct surface, whereas in perfused constructs, individual bone rods oriented in the direction of fluid flow formed throughout the construct volume. These results suggest that osteogenesis in cultured MSC can be modulated by scaffold properties and flow environment.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Annals of Biomedical Engineering|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2004|
- μ-Computerized Tomography
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering