Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) is a member of the TGFβ superfamily of growth and differentiation factors. We investigated the effect of BMP-2 on epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced mitogenic signaling in kidney glomerular mesangial cells. BMP-2 dose-dependently inhibits EGF-induced DNA synthesis. Maximum effect was obtained at a concentration of 100 ng/ml. BMP-2 had no inhibitory effect on the EGF receptor (EGFR)-associated tyrosine kinase activity indicating that inhibition of DNA synthesis is due to regulation of post-receptor signaling event(s). EGF stimulates MAPK activity in mesangial cells in a time-dependent manner. Inhibition of MAPK by the MEK inhibitor PD098059 blocks EGF-induced DNA synthesis indicating the requirement of this enzyme activity in EGF-mediated mitogenic signaling. Furthermore, we show that exposure of mesangial cells to BMP-2 blocks EGF-induced MAPK activity which leads to phosphorylattion of Elk-1 transcription factor. Using a GAL-4 DNA binding-domain-Elk-1 transactivation domain fusion protein-based reporter assay, we demonstrate that BMP-2 inhibits EGF-induced Elk-1-mediated transcription. These data provide the first evidence that BMP-2 signaling in mesangial cells initiates a negative regulatory cross-talk with MAPK-based transcription to inhibit EGF-induced DNA synthesis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - May 10 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology