Purpose: To determine whether bone marrow (BM) angiogenesis progressively increases along the spectrum of plasma cell disorders ranging from monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) to advanced myeloma. Experimental Design: Four hundred patients with the following disorders were studied: MGUS (76 patients); smoldering (indolent; early-stage) multiple myeloma (SMM; 112 patients); newly diagnosed, active multiple myeloma (MM; 99 patients); relapsed (advanced) multiple myeloma (RMM; 26 patients); and primary amyloidosis (AL; 87 patients). Forty-two normal control BM samples were studied for comparison. BM angiogenesis was studied in a blinded manner by immunohistochemical staining for CD34 to identify microvessels. Results: The median (range) microvessel density (MVD) per x400 high power field was 1.3 (0-11) in the controls, 1.7 (0-10) in AL, 3 (0-23) in MGUS, 4 (1-30) in SMM, 11 (1-48) in newly diagnosed MM, and 20 (6-47) in RMM; P < 0.001. MVD was significantly higher in MGUS, SMM, newly diagnosed MM, and RMM compared with controls and AL; P < 0.001. MVD was not significantly different between controls and AL. By grading, high-grade angiogenesis was present in 0% of controls and AL, 1% of MGUS, 3% of SMM, 29% of newly diagnosed MM, and 42% of RMM; P < 0.001. MVD correlated with the BM plasma cell labeling index (ρ = 0.46, P < 0.001) and BM plasma cell percentage (ρ 0.5, P < 0.001). Survival was 28 months in SMM and newly diagnosed MM with high-grade angiogenesis, compared with 53 months for those with low- and intermediate-grade angiogenesis; P = 0.02. Conclusions: BM angiogenesis progressively increases along the spectrum of plasma cell disorders, from the more benign MGUS stage to advanced myeloma, indicating that angiogenesis may be related to disease progression.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research