Bone Growth Stimulation for Foot and Ankle Nonunions

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


During the last few decades, electrical current stimulation has gone from an investigational modality to an accepted method of treatment to assist with bone healing. This article provides an overview of electrical bone stimulation for nonunions in the foot and ankle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)607-618
Number of pages12
JournalClinics in podiatric medicine and surgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2009


  • Ankle
  • Bone growth stimulation
  • Foot
  • Nonunions
  • Revisional surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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