Bone apposition around two different sandblasted and acid-etched titanium implant surfaces: A histomorphometric study in canine mandibles

Michael M. Bornstein, Pilar Valderrama, Archie A. Jones, Thomas G. Wilson, Reinhart Seibl, David L. Cochran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

121 Scopus citations


Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate bone apposition to a modified sandblasted and acid-etched (SLA) implant surface (modSLA) in the canine mandible as compared with the standard SLA surface. Material and methods: In this experimental study, all mandibular premolars and first molars were extracted bilaterally in five foxhounds. After a healing period of 6 months, each side of the mandible received six randomly assigned dental implants alternating between the standard SLA and modSLA surface. The dogs were sacrificed at 2 weeks (n=2) or 4 weeks (n=3) after implant placement. Histologic and histomorphometric analyses were then performed for each implant. Results: The microscopic healing patterns at weeks 2 and 4 for the two implant types with the standard SLA and modSLA surfaces showed similar qualitative findings. New bone tissue had already established direct contact with implant surfaces after 2 weeks of healing. The mean percentage of newly formed bone in contact with the implant (BIC) was significantly greater for modSLA (28.2±7.9%) than for SLA (22.2±7.3%) (P<0.05). This difference was no longer evident after 4 weeks. An increase in BIC for both implant surface types occurred from weeks 2 to 4. This increase was statistically significant when compared with SLA at 2 weeks (P<0.05), but not when compared with modSLA at 2 weeks. Conclusion: The data from the present study demonstrate significantly more bone apposition for the modSLA surface than the standard SLA surface after 2 weeks of healing. This increased bone apposition may allow a further reduction of the healing period following implant placement for patients undergoing early loading procedures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-241
Number of pages9
JournalClinical oral implants research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2008



  • Dental implants
  • Histomorphometric analysis
  • Implant surface chemistry
  • SLA surface
  • Sandblasted and acid-etched surface
  • Titanium surface

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery

Cite this