Background.: Obese and underweight women may be less likely to seek cancer screening because of health status, self-perception, and body image related to non-desirable weight. This study examined the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and mammography screening, using the data from the year 2000 United States National Health Interview Survey. Methods.: This study included 7692 white and 1496 black female participants aged 40-80, who were randomly selected. Body mass index (kg/m2), based on self-reported weight and height, was compared between women with and without a mammogram in the past 2 years using logistic regression. Results.: Compared to women with normal body mass index, underweight and extremely obese women were more likely to have no screening mammograms in the past 2 years (odds ratio (OR) = 1.8, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.2-2.6 for underweight women; odds ratio = 1.3, 95% confidence interval, 1.0-1.8 for extremely obese women). When data were analyzed by race, the odds ratio estimates were 1.8 for underweight white women (95% confidence interval, 1.3-2.7) and 1.4 for extremely obese white women (95% confidence interval, 1.0-1.9). The corresponding odds ratio estimates were close to 1.0 for black women. Conclusions.: Underweight and extreme obesity may increase the risk of underusing screening mammography. The association between body mass index especially underweight and underuse of mammography might exist primarily in white women.
- Body mass index
- Cancer screening
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health