BMS-986263 in patients with advanced hepatic fibrosis: 36-week results from a randomized, placebo-controlled phase 2 trial

Eric J. Lawitz, Diane E. Shevell, Giridhar S. Tirucherai, Shuyan Du, Warner Chen, Uma Kavita, Angie Coste, Fred Poordad, Morten Karsdal, Mette Nielsen, Zachary Goodman, Edgar D. Charles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Aims: Hepatic fibrosis secondary to HCV infection can lead to cirrhosis and hepatic decompensation. Sustained virologic response (SVR) is possible with direct-acting antiviral drug regimens; however, patients with advanced fibrosis have an increased risk for HCC. Heat shock protein 47 (HSP47), a key collagen chaperone, has been implicated in fibrosis development. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of BMS-986263, a lipid nanoparticle delivering small interfering RNA designed to degrade HSP47 mRNA, for the treatment of advanced fibrosis. Approach and Results: NCT03420768 was a Phase 2, randomized (1:1:2), placebo-controlled trial conducted at a hepatology clinic in the United States. Patients with HCV-SVR (for ≥ 1 year) and advanced fibrosis received once-weekly i.v. infusions of placebo or BMS-986263 (45 or 90 mg) for 12 weeks. The primary endpoint was ≥ 1 METAVIR stage improvement at Week 12; key secondary endpoints included Ishak score improvement, pharmacokinetics, fibrosis biomarkers, and safety. All 61 patients completed treatment, and 2/15 (13%, placebo), 3/18 (17%, 45 mg), and 6/28 (21%, 90 mg) had METAVIR improvements of ≥ 1 stage at Week 12. Five patients in the 90-mg arm had Ishak improvements by ≥ 2 stages. BMS-986263 plasma concentrations increased in a generally dose-proportional fashion between BMS-986263 doses, with no notable accumulation with weekly dosing. All adverse events (AEs) were mild or moderate in intensity; most treatment-related AEs were infusion-related reactions in the BMS-986263 arms. At baseline, collagen levels were low, indicating low levels of fibrogenesis in these patients. Conclusions: In patients with HCV-SVR, BMS-986263 administration was generally well tolerated through Week 36 and resulted in METAVIR and Ishak score improvements. Further evaluation of BMS-986263 in patients with active fibrogenesis is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)912-923
Number of pages12
JournalHepatology
Volume75
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

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