BMP2 induces osteoblast apoptosis in a maturation state and noggin-dependent manner

Sharon L. Hyzy, Rene Olivares-Navarrete, Zvi Schwartz, Barbara D. Boyan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Large doses of bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) are used clinically to induce bone formation in challenging bone defects. However, complications after treatment include swelling, ectopic bone formation, and adjacent bone resorption. While BMP2 can be effective, it is important to characterize the mechanism of the deleterious effects to optimize its use. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of BMP2 on apoptosis in osteoblast lineage cells and to determine the role of the BMP inhibitor Noggin in this process. Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), immature osteoblast-like MG63 cells, and mature normal human osteoblasts (NHOst) were treated with BMP2. A model system of increased endogenous BMP signaling was created by silencing Noggin (shNOG-MG63). Finally, the BMP pathway regulating apoptosis in NHOst was examined using BMP signaling inhibitors (5Z-7-oxozeaenol, dorsomorphin, H-8). Apoptosis was characterized by caspase-3, BAX/BCL2, p53, and DNA fragmentation. BMP2 induced apoptosis in a cell-type dependent manner. While the effect was minor in MSCs, MG63 cells had modest increases and NHOst cells had robust increases apoptosis after BMP2 treatment. Apoptosis was significantly higher in shNOG-MG63 than MG63 cells. 5Z-7-oxozeaenol and dorsomorphin eliminated the BMP2-induced increase in DNA fragmentation in NHOst, suggesting roles for TAB/TAK1 and Smad signaling. These results indicate that the apoptotic effect of BMP2 is dependent on cell maturation state, inducing apoptosis in committed osteoblasts through Smad and TAB/TAK1 signaling, and is regulated by Noggin. Dose and delivery must be optimized in therapeutic applications of BMP2 to minimize complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3236-3245
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Volume113
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2012

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Keywords

  • BMP (Bone morphogenetic protein)
  • Human osteoblasts
  • apoptosis
  • human mesenchymal stem cells
  • noggin silencing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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