Bloom syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder with less than 300 cases reported in the literature. Bloom syndrome is characterized by chromosome instability, physical stigmata, growth deficiency, immunodeficiency, and a predisposition to cancer, most commonly leukemias, although solid tumors are reported as well. Bloom syndrome occurs in multiple ethnic groups with a higher incidence in persons of Ashkenazi Jewish origin. Few patients of Hispanic ethnicity have been reported. We report here a Mexican-American family with a BLM pathogenic variant, c.2506 2507delAG, previously reported in a single patient fromMexico. In this family of four siblings, three have phenotypic features of Bloom syndrome, and BLM gene mutation was homozygous in these affected individuals. Our proband developed a rhabdomyosarcoma. Analysis of surrounding markers in the germline DNA revealed a common haplotype, suggesting a previously unrecognized founder mutation in the Hispanic population of Mexican origin.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine