We recently identified epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a trihydroxyphenolic compound, as a dual inhibitor of lysyl oxidase-like2 and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGFβ1) receptor kinase that when given orally to patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) reversed profibrotic biomarkers in their diagnostic biopsies. Here, we extend these findings to advanced pulmonary fibrosis using cultured precision-cut lung slices from explants of patients with IPF undergoing transplantation. During these experiments, we were surprised to discover that not only did EGCG attenuate TGFβ1 signalling and new collagen accumulation but also activated matrix metalloproteinase-dependent collagen I turnover, raising the possibility of slow fibrosis resolution with continued treatment.
- interstitial fibrosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine