Bleeding after expandable nitinol stent placement in patients with esophageal and upper gastrointestinal obstruction: Incidence, management, and predictors

Se Jin Oh, Ho Young Song, Deok Ho Nam, Heung Kyu Ko, Jung Hoon Park, Han Kyu Na, Jong Jin Lee, Min Kyoung Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Placement of self-expandable nitinol stents is useful for the treatment of esophageal and upper gastrointestinal (GI) obstruction. However, complications such as stent migration, tumor overgrowth, and bleeding occur. Although stent migration and tumor overgrowth are well documented in previous studies, the occurrence of bleeding has not been fully evaluated. Purpose: To evaluate the incidence, management strategies, and predictors of bleeding after placement of self-expandable nitinol stents in patients with esophageal and upper GI obstruction. Material and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records and results of computed tomography and endoscopy of 1485 consecutive patients with esophageal and upper GI obstructions who underwent fluoroscopically guided stent placement. Results: Bleeding occurred in 25 of 1485 (1.7%) patients 0 to 348 days after stent placement. Early stent-related bleeding occurred in 10 patients (40%) and angiographic embolization was used for 5/10. Late bleeding occurred in 15 patients (60%) and endoscopic hemostasis was used for 7/15. Twenty-two of 25 (88%) patients with bleeding had received prior radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy. Conclusion: Bleeding is a rare complication after placement of expandable nitinol stents in patients with esophageal and upper GI obstruction, but patients with early bleeding may require embolization for control. Care must be exercised on placing stents in patients who have received prior radiotherapy or chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1069-1075
Number of pages7
JournalActa Radiologica
Volume55
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • esophageal obstruction
  • Expandable nitinol stent
  • hemostatic treatment
  • stent-related bleeding
  • upper gastrointestinal obstruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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