Biomechanical Comparison of Fixed-Loop and Adjustable-Loop Cortical Suspensory Devices for Metaphyseal Femoral-Sided Soft Tissue Graft Fixation in Anatomic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using a Porcine Model

Darin D. Nye, W. Ryan Mitchell, Wei Liu, Roger V. Ostrander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose To compare the displacement, stiffness, and ultimate failure load of a fixed-loop cortical suspensory device with 2 adjustable-loop devices when positioned on metaphyseal bone. Methods Thirty devices (10 of each device) were positioned on the metaphyseal cortex of 30 porcine femora simulating anatomic anterior cruciate ligament femoral tunnel placement. Bovine tendons were used for soft tissue grafts, and the constructs were then cycled 1,000 times and pulled to failure, measuring displacement, stiffness, and failure load. Results Initial displacement, cyclic displacement, and total displacement were 2.98 mm, 2.09 mm, and 5.08 mm for the Endobutton CL (ECL), 2.82 mm, 2.27 mm, and 5.09 mm for the Tightrope (TRT), and 4.25 mm, 3.19 mm, and 7.44 mm for the adjustable-loop ToggleLoc Inline with Ziploop (TLZ), respectively. There was no difference between the ECL and the TRT on any measured outcome. Differences between the TLZ and ECL were statistically significant (initial displacement P =.024, cyclic displacement P <.001, and total displacement P <.001), as were those between the TLZ and TRT (initial displacement P =.010, cyclic displacement P =.001, and total displacement P <.001). Failure loads were 804 N, 801 N, and 682 N for the TRT, ECL, and TLZ, respectively, with no statistically significant difference. Conclusions When positioned on the metaphyseal cortex, there was no difference in the biomechanical performance of the fixed-loop ECL and adjustable-loop TRT, and no lengthening of the TRTs was observed during cycling. However, the TLZ showed statistically significantly lower stiffness and more displacement during cycling with lengthening of the adjustable loop, the clinical significance of which is unknown. Clinical Relevance When used for femoral-sided soft tissue graft fixation in an anatomically placed femoral tunnel, the adjustable-loop TRT was biomechanically equivalent to the fixed-loop ECL. However, the adjustable-loop TLZ showed displacement during biomechanical testing that could potentially contribute to clinical failure after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. However, the clinical significance was not directly tested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1225-1232.e1
JournalArthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2017
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Biomechanical Comparison of Fixed-Loop and Adjustable-Loop Cortical Suspensory Devices for Metaphyseal Femoral-Sided Soft Tissue Graft Fixation in Anatomic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using a Porcine Model'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this