The P30 adhesin genes of spontaneous, hemadsorption-negative (HA-) class II Mycoplasma pneumoniae mutants that displayed P30 adhesin-deficient protein profiles were analyzed. One subclass of P30-deficient mutants possessed the entire p30 structural gene without alterations (825 nucleotides, encoding 275 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 29,743 Da [S. F. Dallo, A. Chavoya, and J. B. Baseman, Infect. Immun. 58:4163-4165, 1990]). However, the second mutant subclass contained a deletion in p30 resulting in the expression of a 25-kDa peptide (681 nucleotides, encoding 227 amino acids with a calculated molecular mass of 24,823 Da). This P25-truncated peptide lacked 8 of the 13 proline-rich amino acid repeat sequences at the carboxy terminus. Whole-cell radioimmunoprecipitation of M. pneumoniae with antibodies directed against the proline-rich repeat sequences located in the carboxy terminus demonstrated their surface accessibility. In contrast, antibodies generated against N-terminal amino acid sequences upstream of the repeats did not bind to intact mycoplasmas. The amino acid sequence homologies exhibited by the P30 adhesin and eucaryotic structural proteins were corroborated by cross- reactive epitopes shared between the P30 adhesin and fibrinogen, keratin, and myosin. These data reinforce the importance of the P30 protein in cytadherence and virulence and provide a molecular basis for postinfectious autoimmunity associated with M. pneumoniae-mediated pathologies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases