A cytotoxic monoclonal antibody, PL3, was produced by immunizing mice with a cell line homozygous for the HLA class II antigenic specificity DR7. The serologic specificity of PL3 was completely concordant with the MT3 supertypic specificity, which is tightly associated with HLA-DR4, -DR7, and -DRw9. This was confirmed by the finding that F(ab')2 fragments of PL3 blocked the cytotoxicity of anti-MT3 alloantisera. Although PL3 bound to each of the MT3-positive cell lines, it showed significantly weaker binding to HLA-DR4 and -DRw9 cells relative to -DR7 cells, both in titration and in quantitative absorption assays. This differential pattern of binding was not found for the polyclonal MT3 alloantisera, suggesting that the PL3 determinant may be one of several closely related determinants that comprise the MT3 allospecificity. To identify which of the subpopulations of class II molecules carry the PL3 determinant, several approaches have been used. 1) F(ab')2 fragments of PL3 which block the anti-MT3 alloantisera were also tested with anti-MB2 and anti-DR7 sera. Binding of the PL3 F(ab')2 fragments to DR7 homozygous target cells had no effect on the anti-MB2 sera, but significantly enhanced the cytotoxic reactivity of some anti-DR7 sera. This finding suggested that the PL3 determinant is distinct from the DR7 determinant, but is carried on the same molecule. 2) PL3 was also used in blocking studies with allocytotoxic T cell clones which only recognize DR7-positive cell lines. Binding of PL3 to the DR7-positive target cells was found to completely inhibit these T cell clones. Complete blocking was also found with a monoclonal antibody, PL8, which recognizes a monomorphic determinant found on the DR subpopulation of class II molecules. This finding suggested that the PL3 determinant is carried on the same molecule that carries these cell-defined DR7 allodeterminants. 3) In biochemical studies with DR7-positive cell lines PL3 and PL8 were found to immunoprecipitate the same subpopulation of class II molecules recognized by other DR-specific antibodies, SG157 and TAL-1B5. Two-dimensional gel analysis demonstrated that the pattern of α- and β-chains immunoprecipitated by PL3, PL8, and TAL-1B5 were identical. In sequential immunoprecipitation studies, both PL3 and TAL-1B5 were capable of removing the same DR subpopulation of molecules recognized by PL3, PL8 TAL-1B5, or SG157 while leaving the additional class II molecules (DS) recognized by SG171 on DR7 cells. Together, these results suggest strongly that the PL3-defined MT3 determinant is carried on the same DR molecule recognized by DR7-specific alloantisera and alloreactive T cell clones.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1984|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy