Binding of isolectins from red kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) to purified rat brush-border membranes

D. H. Boldt, J. G. Banwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ingestion of red kidney bean phytohemagglutinin causes impaired growth and intestinal malabsorption, and facilitates bacterial colonization in the small intestine of weanling rats. We have studied interactions of the highly purified phytohemagglutinin erythroagglutinating (E4) and mitogenic (L4) isolectins with microvillous membrane vesicles prepared from rat small intestines. E4 and L4 were radioiodinated with 125I by the chloramine-T technique. E4 and L4 isolectins both bound to microvillous membrane vesicles. Binding was saturable and reversible. Each mg of membrane protein bound 744±86 μg E4 and 213±21 μg L4. The apparent Ka for E4 and L4 binding was 2.5·10-6 and 13.0·10-6 M-1, respectively. Binding of each 125I-labelled isolectin was abolished by 100-fold excess of unlabelled isolectin. In each case binding also was inhibited by appropriate oligosaccharide inhibitors, indicating that isolectin-microvillous membrane interactions were mediated by carbohydrate recognition. Patterns of saccharide inhibition of isolectin binding were different for E4 and L4. Competitive binding experiments demonstrated mutual noncompetitive inhibition of E4 and L4 binding consistent with steric hindrance. Therefore, E4 and L4 each bound to its own set of receptors. Based on the known saccharide specificities of E4 and L4, these data indicate that there are differences in expression of complex asparagine-linked biantennary and tri- or tetraantennary oligosaccharides at the microvillous surface. The data also provide the possibility that direct interactions of one or more phytohemagglutinin isolectins with intestinal mucosa in vivo may contribute to the antinutritional effects associated with ingestion of crude red kidney beans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)230-237
Number of pages8
JournalBBA - General Subjects
Volume843
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 13 1985

Keywords

  • Lectin binding
  • Membrane-carbohydrate interaction
  • Phytohemagglutinin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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