Betamethasone in the last week of pregnancy causes fetal growth retardation but not adult hypertension in rats

T. J. McDonald, K. L. Franko, J. M. Brown, S. L. Jenkins, P. W. Nathanielsz, M. J. Nijland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: We tested the hypotheses that (1) maternal betamethasone (βM) treatment over the range of clinical doses for prevention of prematurity-related pathologies from day 15 to 21 of rat gestation would produce growth retardation, and (2) the lowest βM dose to produce growth retardation would result in hypertension in adult offspring. METHODS: In experiment 1, pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were administered βM (0, 50, 100, 200, 400, or 600 μg/kg per day, subcutaneously) on days 15-21 of pregnancy and necropsied on day 21.5, with fetal lung and placental weights recorded. In experiment 2, two more groups of rats (0 or 100 μg/kg per day, subcutaneously) were allowed to deliver, and offspring were instrumented at 100 ± 4 days of postnatal life with indwelling left carotid arterial catheters. After 48 hours of recovery, blood pressure was recorded continuously for 24 hours. RESULTS: In experiment 1, all newborn rats treated with βM, and their placentas, except those receiving 50 μg/kg per day, were growth retarded in comparison with controls (P < .05). All treated lungs were smaller than those of controls (P < .05). In experiment 2, no differences were found in the mean arterial blood pressure of adult offspring given the lowest effective dose of βM (100 μg/kg per day) compared with controls (114.2 ± 5.3 mmHg versus 114.6 ± 3.4 mmHg, respectively). CONCLUSION: These data suggest that glucocorticoids given in the last week of rat pregnancy in the lowest human clinical dose do not cause hypertension and somatic growth retardation. However, the presence of lung growth restriction at this dose argues for more studies on the efficacy of even lower concentrations for their ability to improve lung and other organ and tissue function while avoiding unwanted side effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)469-473
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Society for Gynecologic Investigation
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Body weight
  • Glucocorticoids
  • Pregnancy
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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