Behavioral perspectives on the neuroscience of drug addiction

Gail Winger, James H. Woods, Chad M. Galuska, Tammy Wade-Galuska

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neuroscientific approaches to drug addiction traditionally have been based on the premise that addiction is a process that results from brain changes that in turn result from chronic administration of drugs of abuse. An alternative approach views drug addiction as a behavioral disorder in which drugs function as preeminent reinforcers. Although there is a fundamental discrepancy between these two approaches, the emerging neuroscience of reinforcement and choice behavior eventually may shed light on the brain mechanisms involved in excessive drug use. Behavioral scientists could assist in this understanding by devoting more attention to the assessment of differences in the reinforcing strength of drugs and by attempting to develop and validate behavioral models of addiction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)667-681
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of the experimental analysis of behavior
Volume84
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Drug addiction
  • Neuroscience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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