Behavioral impulsivity in adolescents with conduct disorder who use marijuana

Donald M. Dougherty, Charles W. Mathias, Anthony Liguori, Dawn M. Marsh, Michael A. Dawes, F. Gerard Moeller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To test behavioral impulsivity among adolescents with conduct disorder (CD) and a history of marijuana use. METHODS: In this case-controlled study of behavioral impulsivity, 13 through 17-year-olds with CD and positive urine-drug screens for marijuana (CD/THC, n=11) were compared to: (1) adolescents with CD who had negative urine-drug screens (CD/THC, n=11) and (2) healthy adolescents without CD symptoms who had negative urine-drug screens (control, n=11). Participants (30 boys and 3 girls) completed the immediate memory task to measure response initiation aspects of impulsivity and questionnaires to quantify CD symptoms. RESULTS: Ratings of self- and parent-reported CD symptoms and self-reported lifetime history of drug use were similar between the CD/THC and CD/THC groups. There was a significant stepwise increase in laboratory impulsive responding (on the immediate memory task) across the 3 groups (control <CD/THC <CD/THC; P<0.001), with the highest proportion of impulsive responses emitted by the CD/THC group. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that the residual effects of marijuana use may further enhance the already high levels of impulsivity in adolescents with CD, and that performance on response initiation measures of impulsivity may be relevant to understanding behavioral changes accompanying marijuana use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-50
Number of pages8
JournalAddictive Disorders and their Treatment
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2007

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Behavior
  • Conduct disorder
  • Impulsivity
  • Marijuana

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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