Behavioral and Physiological Consequences of Stress and Its Antecedent Factors

William H. Hendrix, Nestor K. Ovalle, R. George Troxler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Scopus citations

Abstract

A stress assessment survey was administered and blood samples collected on 370 subjects in Department of Defense organizations and a civilian hospital. A path analytic model was proposed, hypothesizing that intraorganizational, extraorganzational, and individual characteristics were related to stress and its behavioral and physiological consequences. Exploratory path analysis resulted in the identification of paths that led to the primary behavioral consequence of intent to quit the organization. Also identified were paths that led to an increase in the medical consequence variable: the ratio of total cholesterol divided by high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. The data suggested that intraorganizational variables affect one's intention to quit an organization indirectly through their impact on job stress and job satisfaction. Home-family relationships affected job stress indirectly through their affect on life stress. One's potential for developing coronary artery disease as measured by the "cholesterol ratio" was affected by individual characteristics. The ratio was higher for individuals who were male, overweight, smoked, and did not exercise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)188-201
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Volume70
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 1985
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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