Beauveria keratitis and biopesticides: Case histories and a random amplification of polymorphic DNA comparison

Brett Pariseau, Sarah Nehls, Gregory S.H. Ogawa, Deanna A. Sutton, Brian L. Wickes, Anna M. Romanelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The purposes of this study were to describe 2 contact lens-associated Beauveria keratitis cases and to compare the isolates of 3 contact lens-associated Beauveria keratitis cases with Beauveria-based biopesticides using random amplification of polymorphic DNA (RAPD). Methods: A 55-year-old diabetic woman from New Mexico and a 31-year-old healthy woman from southern Wisconsin developed soft contact lens-related corneal ulcers unresponsive to topical moxifloxacin and prednisolone acetate drops. Their corneal cultures grew B. bassiana. These isolates, an isolate from a third soft contact lens-related Beauveria keratitis case, and Beauveria-based biopesticides sold in the United States were analyzed using morphological features, DNA sequencing, and RAPD. A PubMed, Cochrane Library, OVID, UpToDate, and Google search using the term "Beauveria" found only 9 reported Beauveria keratitis infections. Results: Patient 1 responded to topical natamycin, ketoconazole, and 200 mg oral ketoconazole twice daily before developing a secondary bacterial infection requiring penetrating keratoplasty. After subsequent cataract surgery, the best-corrected visual acuity was 20/20. Patient 2 was treated with topical natamycin, topical amphotericin, and 200 mg oral voriconazole twice daily for 1 month with residual scarring and a best-corrected visual acuity of 20/25. RAPD showed that all isolates were unrelated. Conclusions: Although earlier reported Beauveria keratitis cases occurred after corneal injury in patients who did not wear contact lenses, 3 recent patients wore soft contact lenses and denied trauma, mirroring a changing trend in microbial keratitis. RAPD analysis showed that the Beauveria isolates were unrelated to one another and to Beauveria-based biopesticides. In Patient 2, oral voriconazole worked well.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)152-158
Number of pages7
JournalCornea
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2010

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Beauveria
  • Biopesticide
  • Keratitis
  • Voriconazole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this