Bacillus subtilis σ factor σ29 is the product of the sporulation-essential gene spoIIG

J. E. Trempy, C. Bonamy, J. Szulmajster, W. G. Haldenwang

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Evidence is presented that the sporulation-essential locus spoIIG codes for both σ29 and a structurally related protein, P31. This demonstrates that at least one specific Bacillus subtilis RNA polymerase binding protein provides a critical function in endospore formation. spoIIG-specific RNA is present in B. subtilis cultures that are synthesizing P31 and σ29 and is absent in those that are not. A monoclonal antibody specific for an antigenic determinant on P3129 detected crossreacting proteins (P25/P21) but not P31 or σ29 in a Spo- B. subtilis strain with a mutation at the spoIIG locus (spoIIG41). The appearance of P25 and P21 occurs in this mutant at a time when P31 and σ29 would normally appear and suggests that they are homologous proteins. Transformation of the spoIIG41 strain with plasmid DNA carrying the structural gene for spoIIG complements the Spo- phenotype and results in the synthesis of P31, σ29, P25, and P21 at the appropriate times during sporulation. In Escherichia coli, the cloned spoIIG sequence encoded a protein that reacted with the anti-P3129 monoclonal antibody and had the electrophoretic mobility of authentic P31.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4189-4192
Number of pages4
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes

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