Awareness of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation as a Specialty among US Medical Students

Oranicha Jumreornvong, Abid Haque, Laura Tabacof, Aaron Bolds, Ashley Sanchez, Claudia I. Martinez, Monica Verduzco-Gutierrez, Miguel X. Escalon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objectives were to assess US medical students' awareness about physical medicine and rehabilitation, their career goals that may align with physical medicine and rehabilitation, and their exposure to physical medicine and rehabilitation and to compare the demographics of those applying to, interested, or not interested in physical medicine and rehabilitation residency. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. An online survey was distributed to 76 medical schools, and 2067 students responded. First-generation and Hispanic/Latino students are less likely to know about physical medicine and rehabilitation. Medical students who heard about physical medicine and rehabilitation before or during college or who are first-generation students to attend medical school are more likely to be interested in physical medicine and rehabilitation. Medical students identified as female, Black or African American, and more advanced in medical training have lesser interest. Rotating in physical medicine and rehabilitation at their home institution and shadowing a physical medicine and rehabilitation physician also increase the likelihood of respondents to apply to physical medicine and rehabilitation residency. This study highlights that female students and underrepresented minorities in medicine are less likely to know about physical medicine and rehabilitation or be interested in physical medicine and rehabilitation. First-generation medical students know less about the field but the ones who do have increased interest in physical medicine and rehabilitation. These findings support the need for pipeline programs to improve exposure, recruitment, development, promotion, and retention of first-generation minorities and women into physical medicine and rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S45-S50
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume101
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2022

Keywords

  • Awareness Survey
  • Diversity
  • Medical Education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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