Awareness and Knowledge of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Among Ethnically Diverse Women Varying in Generation Status

L. M. Garcini, K. E. Murray, J. L. Barnack-Tavlaris, A. Q. Zhou, V. L. Malcarne, E. A. Klonoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Although Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common sexually transmitted infection, there is limited knowledge of HPV with ethnic/racial minorities experiencing the greatest disparities. This cross-sectional study used the most recent available data from the California Health Interview Survey to assess disparities in awareness and knowledge of HPV among ethnically/racially diverse women varying in generation status (N = 19,928). Generation status emerged as a significant predictor of HPV awareness across ethnic/racial groups, with 1st generation Asian-Americans and 1st and 2nd generation Latinas reporting the least awareness when compared to same-generation White counterparts. Also, generation status was a significant predictor of HPV knowledge, but only for Asian-Americans. Regardless of ethnicity/race, 1st generation women reported lowest HPV knowledge when compared to 2nd and 3rd generation women. These findings underscore the importance of looking at differences within and across ethnic/racial groups to identify sub-groups at greatest risk for poor health outcomes. In particular, we found generation status to be an important yet often overlooked factor in the identification of health disparities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-36
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Awareness
  • Disparities
  • Generation status
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Knowledge
  • Sexual health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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