Autotransfusion of hemothorax blood in trauma patients: Is it the same as fresh whole blood?

Marc Salhanick, Michael Corneille, Russell Higgins, John Olson, Joel Michalek, Chantal Harrison, Ronald Stewart, Daniel Dent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Autotransfusable shed blood has been poorly characterized in trauma and may have similarities to whole blood with additional benefits. Methods: This was a prospective descriptive study of adult patients from whom <50 mL of blood was drained within the first 4 hours after chest tube placement. Pleural and venous blood samples were analyzed for coagulation, hematology, and electrolytes. Results: Twenty-two subjects were enrolled in 9 months. The following measured coagulation factors of hemothorax were significantly depleted compared with venous blood: international normalized ratio (>9 in contrast to 1.1, P <.001), activated partial thromboplastin time (>180 in contrast to 28.5 seconds, P <.001), and fibrinogen (<50 in contrast to 288 mg/dL, P <.001). The mean hematocrit (26.4 in contrast to 33.9), (P =.003), hemoglobin (9.3 in contrast to 11.8 g/dL, P =.004), and platelet count (53 in contrast to 174 K/μL, P <.001) of hemothorax were significantly lower than venous blood. A hemothorax volume of 726 mL was calculated to be equivalent to 1 U of red blood cells. Conclusions: Hemothorax blood contains significantly decreased coagulation factors and has lower hemoglobin when compared with venous blood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)817-822
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Volume202
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011

Keywords

  • Autotransfusion
  • Coagulation
  • Hemothorax
  • Pleural blood
  • Red blood cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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