We examined E1A gene expression by two evolutionarily divergent human adenoviruses, type 5 (subgroup C) and type 3 (subgroup B). Adenovirus type 3 (Ad3)-infected A549 cells contained much larger amounts of E1A-specific RNA than adenovirus type 5 (Ad5)-infected cells, from very early (3 h) through the late stages (20 h) after infection. The appearance of such abundant Ad3 E1A transcripts was delayed after infection of Ad5 E1A-expressing 293 cells, suggesting a down regulation of the Ad3 E1A gene by Ad5 E1A gene products. In a reciprocal manner, coinfection of A549 cells led to typically early and intense Ad3 E1A transcription and strongly inhibited transcription of the Ad5 E1A gene. Transient expression assays were developed so that the autoregulation of the E1A gene could be studied apart from the more complex background of infected cells. The DNA sequence surrounding the transcription start site of the Ad3 E1A gene was placed 5' to the sequence which encodes the bacterial chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene. Cotransfection of HeLa cells with Ad3 or Ad5 E1A-expression plasmids increased the expression of the Ad3 E1A promoter-driven chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene. Taken together, these results suggest dual autoregulatory features of adenovirus E1A gene expression. The positive and negative effects appear to be temporally distinguished under different conditions, both in viral infection and in transient assays with plasmid-cloned genes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science