This communication describes the use of in-vivo and in-vitro autoradiography to map specific platelet-activating factor (PAF) receptors in the rabbit uterus. Specific [3H]PAF uptake was predominantly localized on epithelial, but not on stromal or myometrial cells. Very few silver grains were associated with the luminal epithelial cells in the uterus of the estrous rabbit, primarily because of the non-differentiated state of the epithelium. In the differentiated pregnant uterus, significantly more [3H]PAF was bound to the glandular epithelial cells, with the stromal cells binding consistently significantly less. The highest density of silver grains was observed at the implantation sites on day 7 of pregnancy. There was no apparent difference in [3H]PAF C18:0 uptake between the epithelial cells at the inter-implantation zone on day 7 and on day 6. Bound [3H]PAF was displaceable by lyso-PAF, U66985, CV3988, but not U66982, L652,731, SRI 63,441 or the inactive PAF isomer, oleoyl PAF. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) significantly inhibited tissue uptake of [3H]PAF C18:0. Intraluminally administered [3H]PAF C18:0 and intravenously injected [3H]methylcarbamyl-PAF, a non-metabolizable PAF analog, penetrated the implanted blastocyst and bound to the embryoblast. This event was reproducible in vitro with pre-implantation blastocysts from day-6 pregnant rabbits, which suggests that uterine-derived PAF may translocate into the blastocyst after attachment.
- Platelet-activating factor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Cell Biology