Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is an immune-mediated, inflammatory liver disease. Clinical presentation of AIH in children is highly variable. It can present acutely, chronically, or silently. There are two main types of AIH—type 1 and type 2, which are differentiated and defined by the presence of specific autoantibodies. AIH eventually progresses to cirrhosis when left untreated, and occasionally even with treatment. AIH must be suspected and excluded in all children presenting with signs of acute, prolonged, or severe liver disease. The diagnosis of AIH is made by a combination of clinical manifestations, laboratory evaluation, histopathology, and the exclusion of other more common liver diseases. The best outcome for AIH is dependent on early diagnosis as well as early initiation of immunosuppressant therapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health