Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor presenting with subarachnoid and intraventricular hemorrhage

Mehdi Siddiqui, Dewey Oms, Derek Samples, Jean Caron

Abstract

Background: Sellar masses comprise 14–18% of all intracranial tumors. Pituitary adenomas account for 85% of these lesions, while 15% of sellar masses stem from other etiologies. Intratumoral hemorrhage (apoplexy), while not exceptionally common, can be discovered at presentation. While the hemorrhage pattern is typically contained within the tumor, an extension of bleeding beyond the sella has been reported. Case Description: A 55-year-old female presented with an anterior interhemispheric subarachnoid hemorrhage and extensive intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). Initially, the IVH was thought to be due to a ruptured aneurysm. After further workup, a hemorrhagic sellar mass was diagnosed. The patient underwent transsphenoidal resection of a pituitary adenoma. The patient returned to the emergency department6 weeks later with an atypical rapidly expanding sellar mass. After tumor debulking, the pathology revealed an atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (ATRT). Here, we reviewed this and other such cases of sellar ATRT. Conclusion:The early diagnosis of sellar ATRT with lack of integrase interactor 1 expression and elevated Ki67 proliferation indices can prompt more aggressive attempted gross total resection, chemotherapy, and radiation treatments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number139
JournalSurgical Neurology International
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor
  • Intraventricular hemorrhage
  • Sellar mass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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