ATM-dependent chromatin remodeler Rsf-1 facilitates DNA damage checkpoints and homologous recombination repair

Sunwoo Min, Sujin Jo, Ho Soo Lee, Sunyoung Chae, Jong Soo Lee, Jae Hoon Ji, Hyeseong Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


As a member of imitation switch (ISWI) family in ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling factors, RSF complex consists of SNF2h ATPase and Rsf-1. Although it has been reported that SNF2h ATPase is recruited to DNA damage sites (DSBs) in a poly(ADP-ribosyl) polymerase 1 (PARP1)-dependent manner in DNA damage response (DDR), the function of Rsf-1 is still elusive. Here we show that Rsf-1 is recruited to DSBs confirmed by various cellular analyses. Moreover, the initial recruitment of Rsf-1 and SNF2h to DSBs shows faster kinetics than that of γH2AX after micro-irradiation. Signals of Rsf-1 and SNF2h are retained over 30 min after micro-irradiation, whereas γH2AX signals are gradually reduced at 10 min. In addition, Rsf-1 is accumulated at DSBs in ATM-dependent manner, and the putative pSQ motifs of Rsf-1 by ATM are required for its accumulation at DSBs. Furtheremore, depletion of Rsf-1 attenuates the activation of DNA damage checkpoint signals and cell survival upon DNA damage. Finally, we demonstrate that Rsf-1 promotes homologous recombination repair (HRR) by recruiting resection factors RPA32 and Rad51. Thus, these findings reveal a new function of chromatin remodeler Rsf-1 as a guard in DNA damage checkpoints and homologous recombination repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)666-677
Number of pages12
JournalCell Cycle
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 15 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • ATM
  • DNA damage checkpoints
  • DNA double-strand breaks
  • Homologous recombination repair
  • ISWI chromatin remodeler
  • Rsf-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology


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