Purpose: The RNASEL gene at 1q25 has been identified as a hereditary prostate cancer susceptibility gene, but to date, no study has investigated the role of RNASEL variants in Hispanic Caucasian men with prostate cancer. Experimental Design: Two RNASEL common variants, located at amino acids 462 and 541, were genotyped in non-Hispanic Caucasian, Hispanic Caucasian, and African American prostate cancer cases and controls. Results: The RNASEL 462 AA genotype was found to increase prostate cancer risk over 4-fold in Hispanic Caucasians [odds ratio (OR), 4.43; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.68-11.68; P = 0.003] and over 10-fold in African Americans (OR, 10.41; 95% CI, 2.62-41.40; P = 0.001) when compared with the GG genotype. Analysis of the RNASEL 541 variant showed that Hispanic Caucasian patients with the GG genotype had a statistically significant increase in their risk for developing prostate cancer when compared with the TT and GT genotypes (OR, 1.91; 95% CI,1.16-3.14; P = 0.01). A common G-T haplotype for the combination of the RNASEL 462 and 541 variants was found to occur more frequently in controls compared with cases in African Americans (P = 0.04) but not in non-Hispanic Caucasians or Hispanic Caucasians. Conclusions: This is the first study that investigates the association of prostate cancer risk with RNASEL variants in Hispanic men. Our data support the role of RNASEL as a predisposition gene for prostate cancer and showed a significant association between the RNASEL 462 variant and prostate cancer risk in African Americans and Hispanic Caucasians.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research