Association of ischemia-modified albumin and melatonin in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction

Alberto Dominguez-Rodriguez, Pedro Abreu-Gonzalez, Martín J. Garcia-Gonzalez, Sima Samimi-Fard, Russel J. Reiter, Juan Carlos Kaski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


Introduction: It has been proposed that reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated during myocardial ischemia-reperfusion modify the N-terminus of serum albumin resulting in ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) formation. Likewise, several recent publications provide evidence that melatonin, a circadian endogenously produced indolamine, is a direct scavenger of ROS. We sought to investigate the relationship between IMA and melatonin in ST- elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: We compared IMA and melatonin levels in 27 patients with STEMI undergoing primary angioplasty and 20 age- and gender-matched healthy normal subjects. Blood samples were drawn at 02:00 h (night period) and 09:00 h (day period) while patients were resting, to assess IMA and melatonin. Results: In both groups, melatonin concentrations maintained a diurnal variation, but the difference between nocturnal and diurnal levels was less in the STEMI-patients than in the control group (p < 0.001). In contrast to findings about melatonin, IMA levels showed no diurnal variations in control subjects. However, the STEMI group showed a diurnal fluctuation with significantly higher levels at 02:00 h (p < 0.01). The association between IMA and melatonin remained statistically significant after adjustment for cardiovascular risk factors. An inverse correlation between IMA and melatonin at 02:00 h and at 09:00 h was observed, with respective r-values of -0.42 (p < 0.03) and -0.57 (p < 0.002). Conclusions: Circulating IMA is negatively correlated to melatonin in STEMI-patients. Our results suggest that melatonin might exert a beneficial effect as a radical scavenger in a human model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-78
Number of pages6
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008


  • Diurnal variation
  • Ischemia-modified albumin
  • Melatonin
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • ST-elevation myocardial infarction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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