Purpose: Zilver PTX nitinol self-expanding drug-eluting stent with paclitaxel coating is effective for treatment of superficial femoral artery (SFA) disease. However, as with any stent, it induces a measure of vascular inflammatory response. The current clinical trial (NCT02734836) aimed to assess vascular patency, remodeling, and inflammatory markers with intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) in patients with SFA disease treated with Zilver PTX stents. Methods: Serial OCT examinations were performed in 13 patients at baseline and 12-month follow-up. Variables evaluated included neointimal area, luminal narrowing, thrombus area, stent expansion as well as measures of inflammation including, peri-strut low-intensity area (PLIA), macrophage arc, neovascularization, stent strut apposition and coverage. Results: Percentage of malapposed struts decreased from 10.3 ± 7.9% post-intervention to 1.1 ± 2.2% at 12-month follow-up, but one patient showed late-acquired stent malapposition (LASM). The percent of uncovered struts at follow-up was 3.0 ± 4.5%. Average expansion of stent cross-sectional area from baseline to follow-up was 35 ± 19%. The average neointimal area was 7.8 ± 3.8 mm2. Maximal luminal narrowing was 61.1 ± 25.0%, and average luminal narrowing was 35.4 ± 18.2%. Average peri-strut low-intensity area (PLIA) per strut was 0.017 ± 0.018 mm2. Average number of neovessels per mm of stent was 0.138 ± 0.181. Average macrophage angle per frame at follow-up was 7 ± 11°. Average thrombus area at follow-up was 0.0093 ± 0.0184 mm2. Conclusion: At 12-month follow-up, OCT analysis of Zilver PTX stent shows outward remodeling and minimal neointimal growth, but evidence of inflammation including PLIA, neovessels, thrombus and macrophages. Thirteen patients with PAD had paclitaxel-coated stents implanted in their SFAs and were then imaged with OCT at baseline and 12-month follow-up. OCT proxy metrics of inflammation were quantified.
- Paclitaxel-coated stent
- Zilver PTX
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine